External Examiners

The Role of External Examiners

External Examiners play a central role in the maintenance of the standards of the University’s awards and the currency of the curriculum. They perform this role through:

  • Approval of assessment tasks and examination papers
  • Discussions with relevant academic staff
  • Review of samples of student work on modules within the subject or programme
  • Endorsement of marks to confirm that the marks are an agreed, fully moderated and externally examined set of results
  • Submission of annual reports
  • Attendance at appropriate Boards of Examiners
  • Approval of programme modifications

External Examiners are NOT responsible for:

  • The assessment of individual students
  • Encouragement to raise or lower marks for individual students
  • Individual cases relating to mitigating circumstances or academic integrity
  • Acting as final arbiter for the award of marks/grades
  • Communicating directly with individual students


The External Examining Quality Assurance Manual describes processes across the University to manage and respond to the information provided by External Examiners.


For further information or advice please contact Chloe Bowman, External Examining Officer, on 01522 88 6498, or email cbowman@lincoln.ac.uk